IBL News

“Corporate Criminal Liability: Tantangan dan Peluang bagi Pelaku Bisnis”

Korporasi sebagai entitas atau subyek hukum, pada satu sisi, kontribusinya terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pembangunan nasional diakui cukup besar. Pada sisi lain, tidak sedikit korporasi melakukan tindak-tindak pidana (corporate crime) yang dampak kerugiannya terhadap negara dan masyarakat juga besar. Saat ini penegakan hukum terhadap korporasi-korporasi nakal masih menemui kendala-kendala hukum. Jikapun ada yang terjerat, itu lebih karena faktor keberanian jaksa dan hakim dalam melakukan terobosan.

Salah satu kendala hukum termaksud adalah absennya standar baku beracara di pengadilan. Sejumlah undang-undang (UU), seperti UU Antikorupsi dan UU Pengelolaan dan Perlindungan Lingkungan Hidup, memang telah mencantumkan tanggung jawab perusahaan dalam kasus pidana. Tapi, Kitab UU Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP) belum mengatur secara khusus cara penyidikan dan penuntutan atas korporasi.

Mahkamah Agung (MA) baru-baru ini menerbitkan Peraturan MA (Perma) Nomor 13/2016 tentang Tata-cara Penanganan Perkara Tindak Pidana oleh Korporasi. Ditandatangani oleh Ketua MA Muhammad Hatta Ali pada 21 Desember 2016, Perma ini dimaksudkan untuk mengisi kekosongan hukum acara tentang pidana korporasi.

Peraturan ini mengatur, manakala sebuah korporasi diduga melakukan tindak pidana, maka penegak hukum akan meminta pertanggungjawaban hukum kepada seseorang yang tercatat pada akta korporasi sebagai penanggung jawab korporasi tersebut, pengendali dan bahkan penerima manfaat meskipun tidak tercantum dalam anggaran dasar. Cara memanggil dan memeriksa korporasi sebagai saksi kasus pidana serta siapa yang mewakilinya merupakan hal baru dalam Peraturan ini.

Peraturan juga menjabarkan, sebuah korporasi bisa dipidana jika memenuhi tiga syarat: (1) korporasi mendapat keuntungan dari tindak pidana, (2) korporasi membiarkan terjadinya tindak pidana, dan (3) korporasi tidak mencegah sebuah tindak pidana, termasuk mengabaikan aturan yang berlaku.

Bagi korporasi, regulasi yang digodok lebih kurang satu tahun ini tentu menjadi tantangan dan peluang yang harus segera dipahami dan dilaksanakan. Peraturan ini menjadi warning system bagi korporasi untuk lebih mengedepankan praktik-praktik bisnis yang terpuji (good corporate governance) di Indonesia, termasuk dengan menghindari tindak pidana korupsi, suap dan tindak pidana lain.

Dalam kerangka memberikan pemahaman yang lebih luas menyangkut peraturan ini, bekerja sama dengan Indonesia Business Link (IBL), Institute Deliverologi Indonesia (IDeA) akan menggelar seminar bertajuk “Corporate Criminal Liability: Tantangan dan Peluang bagi Pelaku Bisnis”.

BUSINESS INTEGRITY FORUM 2016: BUILDING COLLECTIVE ACTION OF INTEGRITY INITIATIVE IN INDONESIA TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

Integrity is a main foundation for every aspect of our life. To ensure inclusive growth and prosperity to the society; business integrity should be practiced on daily basis by all stakeholders, from small business to big corporation, to create level playing field. However, practicing business integrity is not only the responsibility of business players; its dimension couldn't be isolated only to them. On doing the business, they interact with their business partners and stakeholders: the employees, shareholders, suppliers, contractors, communities, customers, and – one of main business' stakeholders- government agencies.

On November 1, 2016, IBL has convened all business communities and stakeholders to discuss on how the private sector could participate and contribute on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, while strengthening its best practices on doing business with integrity and ethical principle. The Business Integrity Forum 2016 - a continuous event, conducted yearly by IBL since 2013 - was supported by ASEAN CSR Network as a co-organizer, UK FCO as organization sponsor; and Marquee Executive Offices, Siemens Indonesia, Vale Indonesia, and ExxonMobil Cepu Limited as corporate sponsors.

The event has been opened by Mr. Heru Prasetyo, Chairman of IBL Board of Patrons who amplified the importance of integrity in business and showed the interaction between business and other elements in our society on practicing integrity as a holistic approach which is referring to National Integrity System (Sistem Integritas Nasional), which has been stated on PP 50/2012 about National Strategy on Corruption Prevention and Eradication (Stranas PPK).

Mr. Pahala Nainggolan, the KPK's Deputy on Prevention also shared the reality that on most corruption cases which have been handled by KPK, the private sector played important role. Mr. Gellwynn Jusuf, Deputy Minister of PPN/Head of Bappenas, presented the actual status of SDGs in Indonesia and how private sector's participation is important on achieveing SDGs. Mr. Thomas Thomas, CEO of ASEAN CSR Network, shared the previous study on Corporate Disclosure on Business Integrity in ASEAN, where does Indonesia stand.

During the discussion which was attended by 75 participants, there were identified 6 critical areas of business which are prone to corruption and un-ethical conduct. Interestingly, one of the areas is perceived currently by business people more critical compare to the last survey, which is the area of Community Development/CSR. Below is the result of our survey in BIF 2016.

The participants also discussed on how business could mitigate the risk of unethical conduct for those identified areas; they shared their best practices and innovative ideas. One of the ideas is to collectively take actions under the banner of Indonesia Integrity Initiative, below is the list of proposed ideas:

The result of this BIF 2016 will be used by IBL and its partners as a reference to be shared to wider stakeholders during KPK's International Business Integrity Conference which will be held on November 16-17, 2016, in Jakarta and also as a reference to take actions collectively to strengthen business integrity in Indonesia.

Muda Terampil Berusaha (MTB) Forum: EMPOWERING YOUTH ENTREPRENEUR IN KARAWANG

IBL organized a talk show for Forum Muda Terampil Berusaha (Forum MTB) on Saturday, October 22nd 2016 at Sindang Reret restaurant, Karawang. In this forum, IBL invited all stakeholders of Program MTB and some speakers to share their experiences in entrepreneurship. This forum also announced the participants who will participate in Program MTB, including the launch of this program. There are four speakers in this talk show, Mr. Eka Robbi Egiwinardo (Team Leader of Micro Bank BJB Karawang), Mr. Asep Irawan Syafei (Young entrepreneur of Karawang), Mrs. Afril Lavanda ( Young entrepreneur of Karawang – beneficiary of IBL), and Mr. Fajar Setiawan (Young entrepreneur of Karawang – beneficiary of IBL). The talk show talked and shared the experiences of young entrepreneurs of Karawang in doing their business and to learn about the importance of doing business as an alternative way to face the low number of job availability. This talk show was moderated by Mr. Mohamad Fahmi, Executive Director IBL.

According to BPS data, the open unemployment rate for productive workforce (age 18-30) in Indonesia is 5.5% of the population or about 7.02 million people and based on ILO report, youth has 2,8 times more possibilities to be unemployed than adults. But in Indonesia, youth has 4,6 times possibility to be unemployed. Besides those data, the main reason why we should be an entrepreneur can be seen by the high unemployment rate in Karawang that reached 141.345 persons.  It is caused by some aspects such as the gap between available job vacancy and supply of the workforce, including the skill of young productive workers. Meanwhile, the big industry that was hoped to increase the job availability cannot dramatically decrease this high unemployment rate.  

To overcome this problem, there is a strong and urgent need to increase the job vacancy in Small Medium Enterprises sector through youth based entrepreneurship. This is the reason why IBL together with Accenture wanted to help the young people especially in Karawang to be young entrepreneurs through Muda Terampil Berusaha program. Muda Terampil Berusaha (MTB) is a program organized by IBL and supported by Accenture.This program aims to increase the awareness of young people about entrepreneurship, especially in Karawang. This program is also contributes to decrease the unemployment rate and poverty as well.

One-day Training Partnership Batch 6

To continue the success of One-Day Training partnership batch 5 on last March 2016, IBL organized the 6th batch of this training. It was held on Thursday, October 27th 2016 and attended by 10 participants with various backgrounds. Partnership can be defined as collective work whose risks and advantage are seen as common responsibilities. In this training, the participants learned about the definition of partnership and how to manage it professionally. Thus, there will be a solid and effective partnership that creates mutual benefit for those who involve in it. Then, why this training is important?

Basically, we already practice the concept of partnership in our social life. It can be seen by how we make friends with other people and start to have a closer relation with them. Some people can be our friends, best friends, colleagues, or partners. It is similar with building partnership. Building partnership requires the common need, identified potentials and also relations just like a friendship.

This training aims to give a clear understanding about partnership to those who work in corporate, NGOs, government institutions, and even academicians.  Indonesia Business Links realize that partnership as an important aspect in this globalization era while many people still have no idea about the effective way in building partnership. Indonesia Business Links will continue the 7th batch of this training in December 2016.